1923: U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind

Moment in History:

In 1923, Bhagat Singh Thind, a native of Punjab applied for citizenship after he was honorably discharged from the U.S. army in 1918. Singh Thind was denied citizenship under the law which limited naturalization to free whites only. Despite the concession of the courts that Indians were to be considered Caucasians, they also stated that “the average man knows perfectly well that there are unmistakable and profound differences.”

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Bhagat Singh Thind

Not All Caucasians are White